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Although the original Orient Express was simply a normal international railway service, the name became synonymous with intrigue and luxury travel.
The two city names most prominently associated with the Orient Express are Paris and Constantinople Istanbul ,   the original endpoints of the timetabled service.
In , the Orient Express stopped serving Istanbul. Its immediate successor, a through overnight service from Paris to Bucharest —since only to Budapest , and in again shortened to Vienna —ran for the last time from Paris on Friday 8 June The new curtailed service left Strasbourg at daily, shortly after the arrival of a TGV from Paris, and was attached at Karlsruhe to the overnight sleeper service from Amsterdam to Vienna.
On 14 December , the Orient Express ceased to operate and the route disappeared from European railway timetables, reportedly a "victim of high-speed trains and cut-rate airlines".
The return trip left Vienna on Friday, October 13 at and, as planned, re-entered the Gare de Strasbourg [ clarify ] at on Saturday October Georges Nagelmackers was the founder of Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits , which expanded its luxury trains, travel agencies and hotels all over Europe, Asia, and North Africa.
Its most famous train remains the Orient-Express. Vienna remained the terminus until October 4, The train was officially renamed Orient Express in At Giurgiu, passengers were ferried across the Danube to Ruse, Bulgaria , to pick up another train to Varna.
They then completed their journey to Constantinople by ferry. In , the train's eastern terminus became Varna in the Principality of Bulgaria , where passengers could take a ship to Constantinople.
Istanbul, known as Constantinople until circa in English, remained its easternmost stop until 19 May The eastern terminus was the Sirkeci Terminal by the Golden Horn.
They resumed at the end of hostilities in , and in the opening of the Simplon Tunnel allowed the introduction of a more southerly route via Milan , Venice , and Trieste.
The service on this route was known as the Simplon Orient Express, and it ran in addition to continuing services on the old route. The Treaty of Saint-Germain contained a clause requiring Austria to accept this train: formerly, Austria allowed international services to pass through Austrian territory which included Trieste at the time only if they ran via Vienna.
The s saw the Orient Express services at its most popular, with three parallel services running: the Orient Express, the Simplon Orient Express, and also the Arlberg Orient Express, which ran via Zürich and Innsbruck to Budapest, with sleeper cars running onwards from there to Bucharest and Athens.
During this time, the Orient Express acquired its reputation for comfort and luxury, carrying sleeping-cars with permanent service and restaurant cars known for the quality of their cuisine.
Royalty , nobles , diplomats , business people , and the bourgeoisie in general patronized it. Each of the Orient Express services also incorporated sleeping cars which had run from Calais to Paris, thus extending the service from one end of continental Europe to the other.
The start of the Second World War in again interrupted the service, which did not resume until During the war, the German Mitropa company had run some services on the route through the Balkans ,  but Yugoslav Partisans frequently sabotaged the track, forcing a stop to this service.
Following the end of the war, normal services resumed except on the Athens leg, where the closure of the border between Yugoslavia and the Kingdom of Greece prevented services from running.
That border re-opened in , but the closure of the Bulgarian — Turkish border from to prevented services running to İstanbul during that time.
As the Iron Curtain fell across Europe, the service continued to run, but the Communist nations increasingly replaced the Wagon-Lits cars with carriages run by their own railway services.
This was replaced in by a slower service called the Direct Orient Express, which ran daily cars from Paris to Belgrade, and twice weekly services from Paris to İstanbul and Athens.
In , the Wagon-Lits company stopped running carriages itself and making revenues from a ticket supplement. Instead, it sold or leased all its carriages to the various national railway companies, but continued to provide staff for the carriages.
The withdrawal of the Direct Orient Express was thought by many to signal the end of the Orient Express as a whole, but in fact a service under this name continued to run from Paris to Bucharest as before via Strasbourg, Munich, and Budapest.
However, a through sleeping car from Paris to Bucharest — and even eastwards from Vienna — was only operated until , and also a through seating car was only operated seasonally.
This meant, that Paris—Budapest and Vienna—Bucharest coaches were running overlapped, so a journey was only possible with changing carriages — despite the unchanged name and numbering of the train.
In the Budapest-Bucharest leg of the train was canceled, the new final station has become Budapest. In the summer season of and a sleeping car from Bucharest to Paris reappeared twice a week — now operated by CFR.
This continued until , when the service was cut back to just Paris— Vienna , already in EuroNight quality — but in both cases the coaches were in fact rather attached to a Paris— Strasbourg express.
This service continued daily, listed in the timetables under the name Orient Express , until June 8, In the last years through coaches between Vienna and Karlsruhe continuing first to Dortmund , then to Amsterdam , and finally — partly from Budapest — to Frankfurt were attached.
The very last train with the name Orient-Express now with a hyphen departed from Vienna on the 10th of December , and one day later from Strasbourg.
Though the final service ran only from Strasbourg to Vienna , it was possible to retrace the entire original Orient Express route with four trains: Paris—Strasbourg, Strasbourg—Vienna, Vienna— Belgrade , and Belgrade- İstanbul , each of which were operated daily.
Other routes from Paris to İstanbul exist even today, such as Paris— Munich — Budapest — Bucharest —İstanbul, or Paris—Zürich—Belgrade—İstanbul, all of which have comparable travel times of approximately 60 hours without delays.
The local authorities plan to refit the train to make it available for tourist use around the Balkans in the near future.
In , the th anniversary of the Orient-Express was celebrated by a trip of this train from Paris to İstanbul, and in it was run to Hong Kong via the Soviet Union and China.
From there it was transferred by ferry to Japan , and used there for some excursions after regauging. After the failure of the American European Express see below , Intraflug became bankrupt, and the carriages were taken over by the Reisebüro Mittelthurgau.
The sleeping cars and some other coaches Pullmans, dining cars, luggage vans were transferred to Russia and used between Moscow and the Mongolian-Chinese border.
The remaining vehicles were used in Germany and Switzerland as diner trains until the company's bankruptcy. Since then the trains have been standing unused in different countries, as the new owners sort out problems with operations due to a lawsuit about the usage rights of the name Orient Express.
One of the most iconic cocktails of the Venice Simplon-Orient-Express, just three ingredients conjure over flavour elements.
Discover the recipe, and get to know more about the man who created it. Defined by its dynamism and breaking of boundaries, art deco was a design trend that captured the collective imagination.
Skip to main content. Skip to end of page. It promises to take you not just across Europe, but to transport you back in time. With its polished wood, sumptuous upholstery and antique fixtures, the train epitomises the glamour and elegance of the Golden Age of travel.
Step aboard for a decadent journey back to the s Play the audio described video. Accommodation Our elegant cabins have perfected the art of travel.
Grand Suites. Grand Suites On a train where peerless luxury class is the standard, the exquisite Grand Suites command an almost euphoric sense of grandeur.
Item 1 of 2 is active. A Visual Journey Take a closer look at this historic train and its beautiful details. Local Delicacies Brittany lobsters or Provencal tomatoes: enjoy specialities from stops along the way.
Learn more. The Restaurants Try all three of our stylish dining cars, each brimming with personality. Previous Next.
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